Saturday, May 23, 2020
How did freedom for blacks come about? The Civil Rights Movement took place in the late 1950Ã¢â¬â¢s though the 1960Ã¢â¬â¢s, however; Tricia Andryszewski informs her readers that Black Americans had been working for change since before the civil war, but mainly beyond. Some of the most prominent civil rights leaders include Martin Luther King Jr., Rosa Parks, Malcolm X, Philip Randolph, and Bayard Rustin. The two main goals of the civil rights activists being, equal rights and treatment for all races. As a result, the Ã¢â¬Å"I Have a DreamÃ¢â¬ speech was written by Martin Luther King, Jr., a man who Ã¢â¬Å"Led successful efforts to integrate public transportation in Montgomery, Alabama; founded the Southern Christian Leadership Conference to work for nonviolentÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦King scrutinizes that his speech would be the Ã¢â¬Å"greatest demonstration in the history of our nationÃ¢â¬ he also included that Ã¢â¬Å"We have also come to this hallowed spot to remind America of the fierce urgency of now.Ã¢â¬ , for that Ã¢â¬Å"Now is time to make justice a reality for all of GodÃ¢â¬â¢s childrenÃ¢â¬ (King). In these statements, King mostly inspires the supporters of the civil rights movement, as he acknowledges his direct reason for their presence and for his insightful words to the nation. King uses Ã¢â¬Å"nowÃ¢â¬ as a sense urgency to assert time, and includes Ã¢â¬Å"GodÃ¢â¬ as a technique to increase his audienceÃ¢â¬â¢s inspiration by attacking at their emotions, while incorporating purpose. Traditionally, the purpose of a speech impacts the attitudes and feelings of the authorÃ¢â¬â¢s audience. Martin Luther King Jr. socially and personally affected the attitude of his audience. They regarded his speech with awe, astonishment, determination, the feeling of scared, all the while being impressed. Mike Magner, who witnessed the speech, recollects his reaction, Ã¢â¬Å"A shudder went through me as Martin finished. I now knew that I had witnessed something beyond my wildest expectationsÃ¢â¬ ¦Everyone on the mall and a whole lot of people watching on their tiny television sets were aware that they had just experienced something transcendentÃ¢â¬ (Magner). Magner would indirectly agree that the attitude of the audience would indicate astonishment andShow MoreRelatedSlavery Fight for Freedom804 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesSlavery Fight for Freedom During the course of the slave trade millions of Africans became involuntary immigrants to the New World. Some African captives resisted enslavement by fleeing from slave forts on the coast of West African. Others mutinied on board slave trading vessels, or cast themselves into the ocean, rather facing death than enslavement. In the New World there were those who ran away from their owners, ran away among the Indians, formed maroon societies, revolted, feigned sicknessRead MoreThe Fight For Freedom For Equality947 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesIsaiah Maldonado Mrs. Macmillan 30 October, 2015 American History The Fight For Freedom, The Fight For Equality Throughout American History African Americans have been the victims of racial oppression and exploitation. Despite the racial inequality and unjust treatment cursed upon them, African Americans still stood up for their country in times of need. World War II in particular helped pave the way for African Americans to finally begin being recognized as people of equal value, of equalRead MoreThe Fight For Freedom And Equality904 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesIt seems like every time a television is on, there is something in the news regarding race relations. The fight for freedom and equality has been a long road involving numerous amounts of peaceful protests, legislation, and preaching. Even with the success of the civil rights movement, racism still exists in our country today and it is the responsibility of legislatures and citizens a like to make a difference. Over the past six months or so there have three extremely hot topics regarding race relationsRead MoreNelson Mandelas Fight for Free dom1646 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesone group, be it black or white.Ã¢â¬ Because Mandela was so dedicated to his belief in equality, he had to pay a high price: his freedom. Mandela and his fellow leaders believed that not only should they continue to fight against apartheid, but that they should take up arms against the government. Mandela alleged that there were only two choices to make: surrender, or fight. On August 5, 1962, Nelson Mandela was arrested. He was disguised as a white friendÃ¢â¬â¢s chauffer. At this point in time, the governmentRead MoreThe Fight For Freedom By Iris Murdoch1425 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesMost developed nations are democracies where people have rights and freedoms to do as they please. Unfortunately, abundant other nations restrict freedom because of the opinions of a select few, whom happen to have further power. Freedom can be separated into many categories, such as social, economic, political, and religious freedom. However, there can be certain exte nts to which one can be practiced as somewhat of a contract to provide for the advancement of society. Persecutions, arguably discriminationRead MoreUnited States Fight for Freedom703 Words Ã |Ã 3 PagesThe right of American freedom is most treasured because of past historical events which were highly significant leading up to AmericaÃ¢â¬â¢s independence. The Boston Tea Party is considered to be one of the most significant events which led to the Revolutionary War. Some say if the Boston Tea Party had not happened, the Americans may not have made noteworthy historical data. Initially, the event of the Boston Tea Party only seemed inconsequential and rather rebellious, but it was actually the AmericansRead More Slavery Fight For Freedom Essay802 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pages Slavery Fight for Freedom During the course of the slave trade millions of Africans became involuntary immigrants to the New World. Some African captives resisted enslavement by fleeing from slave forts on the coast of West African. Others mutinied on board slave trading vessels, or cast themselves into the ocean, rather facing death than enslavement. In the New World there were those who ran away from their owners, ran away among the Indians, formed maroon societies, revolted, feigned sicknessRead MorePatrick Henrys Fight For Freedom776 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesOne American belief which has been consistent throughout the history of the country and which is a reason to fight for is freedom. In Patrick HenryÃ¢â¬â¢s speech Ã¢â¬Å"Speech of the Virginia ConventionÃ¢â¬ , 1775, and Steve McQueenÃ¢â¬â¢s Ã¢â¬Å"12 years a slaveÃ¢â¬ , 2013, is this idea well presented. Patrick Henry tells his opinion and is trying to convince the convention to attack the South right now. McQueen shows us a film based on a true s tory in which he tells the story of a black man who gets kidnapped and sold in slaveryRead MoreAmerica s Fight For Freedom Essay2492 Words Ã |Ã 10 PagesAfrican American people; the government may say that everyone is in this fight together but we, as African Americans, now this is not true. From the segregated military to the non-willing acceptance of African American workers in wartime factories the African American people felt that they fought a two-sided war. This two-sided approach to war took a name for itself, The Double V Campaign. African Americans joined the fight for freedom just like all other Americans, but many thought this to be the timeRead MoreThe Fight For Freedom : My Parents2185 Words Ã |Ã 9 PagesThe Fight for Freedom My wants had always seemed to take the backseat to my responsibilities, with my parents in the driver s seat. My schedule was planned and predictable: school, homework, dinner, chores, sleep and repeat. I felt like a robot with the controller in my parents hands instead of my own. My resentment towards my parents grew stronger with every passing minute. I no longer saw my house as a home instead a prison in which I was sentenced to. And to question their parenting strategies
Monday, May 18, 2020
Jose Francisco Morazan Quezada (1792-1842) was a politician and general who ruled parts of Central America at different times during the turbulent period from 1827 to 1842. He was a strong leader and visionary who attempted to unite the different Central American countries into one large nation. His liberal, anti-clerical politics made him some powerful enemies, and his period of rule was marked by bitter infighting between liberals and conservatives. Early Life Morazan was born in TegucigalpaÃ in present-day Honduras in 1792, during the waning years of Spanish colonial rule. The was the son of an upper-class Creole family and entered the military at a young age. He soon distinguished himself for his bravery and charisma. He was tall for his era, about 5Ã feet 10 inches, and intelligent, and his natural leadership skills easily attracted followers. He became involved in local politics early, enlisting as a volunteer to oppose MexicoÃ¢â¬â¢s annexation of Central America in 1821. A United Central America Mexico suffered some severe internal upheavals in the first years of independence, and in 1823 Central America was able to break away. The decision was made to unify all of Central America as one nation, with the capital in Guatemala City. It was made up of five states: Guatemala, El Salvador, Honduras, Nicaragua and Costa Rica. In 1824, liberal Jose Manuel Arce was elected president, but he soon switched sides and supported the conservative ideals of a strong central government with firm ties to the church. At War The ideological conflict between liberals and conservatives had long been simmering and finally boiled over when Arce sent troops to rebellious Honduras. Morazan led the defense in Honduras, but he was defeated and captured. He escaped and was put him in charge of a small army in Nicaragua. The army marched on Honduras and captured it at the legendary Battle of La Trinidad on Nov. 11, 1827. Morazan was now the liberal leader with the highest profile in Central America, and in 1830 he was elected to serve as president of the Federal Republic of Central America. Morazan in Power Morazan enacted liberal reforms in the new Federal Republic of Central America, including freedom of the press, speech, and religion. He limited church power by making marriage secular and abolishing government-aided tithing. Eventually, he was forced to expel many clerics from the country. This liberalism made him the implacable enemy of the conservatives, who preferred to keep the old colonial power structures, including close ties between church and state. He moved the capital to San Salvador, El Salvador, in 1834 and was re-elected in 1835. At War Again Conservatives would occasionally take up arms in different parts of the nation, but MorazanÃ¢â¬â¢s grip on power was firm until late 1837 when Rafael Carrera led an uprising in eastern Guatemala. An illiterate pig farmer, Carrera was nevertheless a clever, charismatic leader and relentless adversary. Unlike previous conservatives, he was able to rally the generally apathetic Guatemalan Native Americans to his side, and his horde of irregular soldiers armed with machetes, flintlock muskets, and clubs proved hard for Morazan to put down. Defeat and Collapse of the Republic As news of the successes of Carrera came to them, conservatives all over Central America took heart and decided that the time was right to strike against Morazan. Morazan was a skilled field general, and he defeated a much larger force at the battle of San Pedro Perulapan in 1839. By then, however, the republic had irrevocably fractured, and Morazan only effectively ruled El Salvador, Costa Rica and a few isolated pockets of loyal subjects. Nicaragua was the first to officially secede from the union, on Nov. 5, 1838. Honduras and Costa Rica quickly followed. Exile in Colombia Morazan was a skilled soldier, but his army was shrinking while that of the conservatives was growing, and in 1840 came the inevitable result: CarreraÃ¢â¬â¢s forces finally defeated Morazan, who was forced to go into exile in Colombia. While there, he wrote an open letter to the people of Central America in which he explained why the republic was defeated and laments that Carrera and the conservatives never tried to really understand his agenda. Costa Rica In 1842 he was lured out of exile by Costa Rican Gen. Vicente Villasenor, who was leading a revolt against conservative Costa Rican dictator Braulio Carrillo and had him on the ropes. Morazan joined Villasenor, and together they finished the job of ousting Carrillo: Morazan was named president. He intended to use Costa Rica as the center of a new Central American republic. But the Costa Ricans turned on him, and he and Villasenor were executed on Sept. 15, 1842. His final words were to his friend Villasenor: Ã¢â¬Å"Dear friend, posterity will do us justice.Ã¢â¬ Legacy of Francisco Morazan Morazan was correct: Posterity has been kind to him and his dear friend Villasenor. Morazan is today seen as a visionary, progressive leader and able commander who fought to keep Central America together. In this, he is sort of the Central American version of Simon BolÃ var, and there is more than a little in common between the two men. Since 1840, Central America has been fractured, divided into tiny, weak nations vulnerable to wars, exploitation, and dictatorships. The failure of the republic to last was a defining point in Central American history. Had it stayed united, the Republic of Central America might well be a formidable nation, on an economic and political par with, say, Colombia or Ecuador. As it is, however, it is a region of little world importance whose history is most often tragic. The dream is not dead, however. Attempts were made in 1852, 1886 and 1921 to unite the region, although all of these attempts failed. Morazans name is invoked anytime there is talk of reunification. Morazan is honored in Honduras and El Salvador, where there are provinces named after him, as well as any number of parks, streets, schools, and businesses.
Tuesday, May 12, 2020
Tourism to a location means big money is coming to town. Its No. 3 in the biggest economic sectors in the world, according to the report fromÃ the UN WorldÃ Tourism Organization. International travel has been on the rise for decades, as increasing numbers of locations invest in bringing people in to visit and spend money. From 2011 to 2016, tourism grew faster thanÃ international trade of goods. The industry is only expected to grow (the report projects out to 2030). Peoples increased purchasing power, improved air connectivity around the world, and more affordable travel overall are reasons for the increase in people visiting other countries. In many developing nations, tourism is the top industry and is expected to grow twice as fast as growth in more mature economies with established tourist spots and a high number of visitors each year already.Ã Where Are People Going? Most tourists visit places in the same region as their home country. Half of the worlds international arrivals went to Europe in 2016 (616 million), 25 percent to the Asia/Pacific region (308 million), and 16 percent to the Americas (nearly 200 million).Ã Asia and the Pacific had the biggest tourist number gains in 2016 (9 percent), followed by Africa (8 percent), and the Americas (3 percent). In South America,Ã the zika virus in some countries didnt affect travel to the continent overall. The Middle East saw a 4 percent drop in tourism. Snapshots and Top Gains France, though at the top of the list for receiving tourists, had a bit of a drop (2 percent) following what the report called security incidents, likely referring to the Charlie Hebdo and simultaneous concert hall/stadium/restaurant attacks of 2015, as did Belgium (10 percent). In Asia, Japan had its fifth straight year of double-digit growth (22 percent), and Vietnam saw an increase of 26 percent over the previous year. Growth in Australia and New Zealand is attributed to increased air capacity. In South America, Chile in 2016 posted its third straight year of double-digit growth (26 percent). Brazil saw an increase of 4 percent due to the Olympics, and Ecuador had a slight drop after its April earthquake. Travel to Cuba increased by 14 percent. Former President Barack Obama had eased restrictions for U.S. travelers, and the first flights from the mainland touchedÃ down there in August 2016. Time will tell what President Donald Trumps changes to the rules will do to Cubas tourism from the United States. Why Go? Just over half of the visitors traveled for recreation; 27 percent were people visiting friends and family, traveling for religious purposesÃ such as a pilgrimage, receiving health care, or for other reasons; and 13 percent reported traveling for business. A bit more than half of the visitors went by air (55 percent) than land (45 percent).Ã Whos Going? The leaders in countries residents heading elsewhere as tourists included China, the United States, and Germany, with the amount spent by tourists also following that order. The following is a listing of the 10 most popular countries as destinations for international travelers.Ã Following each tourist destination country is the number of international tourist arrivals for 2016. Around the world, international tourist numbers reached 1.265 billion people in 2016 ($1.220 trillion spent), up from 674 million in 2000 ($495 billion spent).Ã Top 10 Countries by Number of Visitors France: 82,600,000United States: 75,600,000Spain:Ã 75,600,000Ã China:Ã 59,300,000Italy: 52,400,000United Kingdom:Ã 35,800,000Germany:Ã 35,600,000Mexico:Ã 35,000,000*Thailand: 32,600,000Turkey: 39,500,000 (2015) Top 10 Countries by Amount of Tourist Money Spent United States: $205.9 billionÃ Spain: $60.3Ã billionÃ Thailand: $49.9Ã billionChina: $44.4Ã billionFrance: $42.5 billionItaly: $40.2 billionUnited Kingdom: $39.6Ã billionGermany: $37.4Ã billionHong Kong (China): $32.9Ã billionAustralia: $32.4Ã billion * Much of Mexicos total can be attributed to residents of the United States visiting; it captures American tourists due to its proximity and its favorable exchange rate.
Wednesday, May 6, 2020
COMMUNITY-BASED TREATMENTS Sometimes when a juvenile is charged with a crime there are options available to them that does not include jail time. One option is community-based treatments, community-based treatments refers to efforts to provide care, protection, and treatment for juveniles that are in need. The two community-based treatments that I will focus on are probation and electronic monitoring. Probation is non-punitive legal dispositions for delinquent youths, emphasizing treatment without incarceration. Probation can be assigned to a youth as a sentence for a crime. What happens with probation is the youth is assigned a probation officer and are given specific rules they must follow while on probation. They may also be assigned to participate in other specific treatment programs as well. The juvenile has certain times a month that they meet with an officer and the officer makes sure that the juvenile is keeping up with any other assigned treatment, and following all the rules that were assigned by the court. They must also follow all of the conditions of their parole, which can include maintaining a residence, leading law-abiding lives, and not associating with certain individuals. Electronic monitoring, also known as house arrest, is a program that allows offenders sentenced to probation to remain in the community on condition that they stay at home during specific periods. Usually they have a device attached to their ankles that corresponds with a box in the homeShow MoreRelatedInner Resources Mediation Protocol for Chronic Pain: Translation Research of an Evidence-Based Treatment into a Community Setting1291 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesAIMS The principle goal of this study is to assess the feasibility of recruitment and adherence to an evidence-based, eight-session meditation program based on Dr. Lynn WaeldeÃ¢â¬â¢s Inner Resources for Stress Relief for a community health clinic for adults with chronic pain, and to develop initial estimates of treatment effects of measures of pain and physical functioning. Based on literature review, we hypothesize that Inner Resources will teach chronic pain patients to identify thoughts and feelingsRead MoreOffenders And The Need For Treatment Case Study979 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesOffenders and the Need for Treatment The hard line stance by law enforcement to treat addiction with a criminal justice approach rather than with a public health approach has resulted in over-crowded prisons and offenders in need of treatment. A significant rise in the prison population began with enactment of the federal Anti-Drug Abuse Act of 1986 and The Anti-Drug Abuse Act of 1988 (Olson Lurigio, 2014). Similarly, Olson and Lurigio (2014) highlighted the escalating prison population by notingRead MoreLength Of Treatment Analysis875 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesLength of Treatment Evans et al. (2011) focused on two separate treatment groups (high-risk offenders low-risk offenders) who were followed-up on at the 12 and 30 month mark after they were assessed for treatment. The length of treatment, not the classification risk of the offender, was found to be a significant variable of recidivism as those who received a longer length of treatment were less likely to be re-arrested Evans et al. (2011). Because not all offenders are guaranteed treatment, in someRead MorePrison Treatment1471 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesOffenders and the Need for Treatment A hard line stance by law enforcement to treat addiction with a criminal justice approach rather than with a public health approach has resulted in over-crowded prisons and offenders in need of treatment. The rise of the prison population began with enactment of the federal Anti-Drug Abuse Act of 1986 and The Anti-Drug Abuse Act of 1988 (Olson Lurigio, 2014). Highlighting the escalating prison population, Olson and Lurigio (2014) noted from 1990-2000 the stateRead MoreOffenders And The Need For Treatment Case Study1407 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesOffenders and the Need for Treatment Law enforcementÃ¢â¬â¢s hardline stance to treat addiction with a criminal justice approach rather than with a public health approach has resulted in over-crowded prisons and offenders in need of treatment. The rise of the prison population began with the enactment of the federal Anti-Drug Abuse Act of 1986 and The Anti-Drug Abuse Act of 1988 (Olson Lurigio, 2014). Highlighting the escalating prison population, Olson and Lurigio (2014) noted that from 1990-2000Read MoreAwareness Of Mental Illnesses And Treatment Options Essay1235 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesAwareness of Mental Illness in My Community Awareness of mental illnesses and treatment options are an ongoing issue in America. This problem isnÃ¢â¬â¢t one that can be simply solved overnight. But starting from the community level, people have the power to make a difference. A difference that could benefit people who are suffering with a mental illness and donÃ¢â¬â¢t have the opportunities to seek help and treatment. In my community, I have found three mental health services. They consist of Eyerly BallRead MoreThe Community Mental Health Act Of 19631064 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pages The Community Mental Health Act of 1963, was the first federal law that inspired community-based mental health care, and it ignited the transformation of the public mental health system (Young Minds Advocacy, 2016). Other names of the Act are Mental Retardation and Community Mental Health Centers Construction Act of 1963. It was the beginning of the Deinstitutionalized movement in mental health treatment options for children, youth, and adult s (National Council for Behavioral Health (NCBH)Read MoreJuvenile Delinquency Treatment : Description And Fundamental Principles1452 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesJuvenile Delinquency Treatment: Description and Fundamental Principles When treating juvenile delinquency the goal is to punish or rehabilitate the problem children after they have offended and been caught. To punish is to induce pain or payment for misconduct, while rehabilitation revolves around productive work pertaining to a program of education, along with counseling of some nature (Musick, 1995, pg. 233). It is typically assumed that adolescents deserve and require distinct management becauseRead MorePrevention Of Hiv / Aids Essay1641 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesis a chronic disease that once diagnosed, requires adherence to complex and challenging treatment regimens. Prevention of this disease requires changes in behavior that would lead to the reduction of less risky sexual behaviors. Harm reduction is a particular treatment approach that is used with HIV/AIDS individuals. As stated by Straussner (2014), Harm reduction treatment is both a philosophy and treatment approach. It was adapted in the United States in the 1980Ã¢â¬â¢s to minimize the tr ansmissionRead MoreUtilization Of Evidence-Based Treatment998 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesspread to the therapeutic community at large. Sharf (2012) exemplifies that 50% of patients that enter treatment show meaningful change after thirteen to eighteen sessions and 25% of additional patients show the same change after fifty sessions, as such psychotherapy research should pay attention to problems in treatment and change treatment to make it more successful. The utilization of evidence-based treatment provides statistical data that shows where specific treatment is working and areas that
Principles of Modern Finance Spring 2013 Sample Midterm February 22, 2012 Instructions Ã¢â¬ ¢ You have 1 hour and 40 minutes. Ã¢â¬ ¢ The exam is out of 25 points. Ã¢â¬ ¢ There are 22 multiple-choice questions. We will write a custom essay sample on Principles of Modern Finance Sample Midterm or any similar topic only for you Order Now 19 questions are worth one point, 3 questions are worth two points and are marked as such. Ã¢â¬ ¢ If you get stuck, move on and come back later. 1 1. A stock is expected to pay a dividend of $10 next year, and this dividend is expected to grow by 5% each year thereafter. What should the price of the stock be if instruments of similar risk are paying 12%? (a) $83. 33 (b) $142. 86 (c) $150 (d) $200 2. A project has the following cash? ows: Year 0 1 2 Cash? w +12000 ? 7080 ? 6654 The IRR of these cash? ows is 9%. Assets of similar risk pay 5%. Should you accept this project? (a) Yes (b) No 3. I am considering buying a Greek government bond that promises to pay $1210 in two yearsÃ¢â¬â¢ time. However, there is a possibility that the Greek government will default between now and the promised payment. If the government does default, the bond will only pay $500. The probability of default is 0. 5. What should the price of the bond be if instruments of similar risk are paying 10%? (a) $10 00 (b) $706. 62 (c) $413. 22 (d) $303. 68 4. I am enrolled in a 2-year MBA program, and have just started classes. To pay the tuition and living expenses, I borrow $50,000 per year (paid at the start of the year). The interest rate on the loan is 5%. I am certain to get a job at the end of the two years of study. That job will be guaranteed for ten years (from the date I start work), at a constant salary which will be paid at the end of each year of work. There are no taxes. I estimate that I will be able to save 1/4 of my income, whatever my income is. What is the minimum salary the job must have to allow me to pay o? my loans within ten years? (2pts) 2 (a) $43,050 (b) $50,000 (c) $55,752 (d) $61,339 5. A credit card company o? rs me a card with 20% APR, compounded daily. I make purchases of $3,000 on the card, and allow interest to accrue on those purchases for a year. Assuming each year has 365 days, the amount I will have to pay back is: (a) $3,315 (b) $3,600 (c) $3,664 (d) $3,901. 30 Answer the next two questions with reference to this information: Analysts argue that two things can happen o ver the next year: the economy can continue as it is or it can go into recession. The returns of two stocks: General Electric (GE) and Cisco (CSCO) in each possible state are given below: State Return on GE Continue as-is 15 Recession ? 5 Return on CSCO 5 -1 The analysts estimate the probability of continuing as-is to be 0. 8 , and the probability of a recession to be 0. 2. 6. What is the expected return on a portfolio which is 120% in GE and ? 20% in CSCO? (a) 10. 04% (b) 8% (c) 2. 55% (d) 0% 7. What is the variance of CSCO? (a) 1. 96%2 (b) 5. 76%2 (c) 13%2 (d) 23. 04%2 3 8. Alice can get a one-year loan at 5% at her bank, while no bank is willing to give Brad a one-year loan for less than 10%. Brad has just had surgery, and must pay the hospital $10,000 immediately, but he has no money today, though he will have money in one year. So Alice o? rs Brad a proposal: she will borrow $10,000 from her bank for one year on her own account, and Brad will repay this loan. In addition, he wi ll pay Alice a sum of money today. What is the maximum amount that Brad should be willing to pay Alice up-front under this arrangement? Alice is not willing to consider borrowing more than $10,000. (2pts) (a) $454. 54 (b) $377. 18 (c) $476. 19 (d) $500 9. The risk-free interest rate today is 7%. One year ago, you bought an asset which is risk-free and would pay $100 two years from the date of purchase. The risk-free interest rate on the date of purchase was 10%. You sell the asset today. What is the rate of return (HPR) that you made? (a) 13% (b) 10% (c) 7% (d) 15% 10. The correlation between Alcoa (AA) and American Express (AXP) is 0. 3. You want to form a portfolio, investing 50% in each stock. What is the variance of your portfolioÃ¢â¬â¢s return? You have the following information: AA AXP 10 12 8 16 Expected return Standard deviation of return (a) 85. 76%2 (b) 99. 2%2 (c) 121%2 (d) 144%2 11. If you can get an 8% return (annual e? ective) on a ten year CD from your local bank, would it be wise to invest in a 10 year bond which promises to make a single payment of $1000 at the end of its life? Assume both are equally risky). This bond costs $475 now and will pay $1000 in ten years. 4 (a) Yes, the bond is better. (b) No, the bond is worse. (c) CanÃ¢â¬â¢t tell from information given 12. You are given the following information about portfolios of two risky assets, A and B: Weight in A Weight in B Std. dev. of portfolio 0 1 12 0. 5 0. 5 14 1 0 16 What is the covaria nce between A and B? (a) 192%2 (b) 168%2 (c) 224%2 (d) Cannot be determined 13. A ? rm in a well-functioning capital market has the following projects available. The risk-free rate is 10%. Which should it invest in? NPV IRR X 10 15% Y 0. 3% Z -5 22% OCC 22% 5% 6% (a) X only (b) Z only (c) X and Y (d) X and Z (e) All three 5 14. You are considering investing in a bond. This bond costs $300 now and pays $550 in ten years. What is the IRR of this investment? (a) 1. 06% (b) 6. 25% (c) 8. 33% (d) 9. 01% Answer the next two questions using the following information: A project has the following expected cash ? ows. Year 0 1 2 Expected cash? ow ? 370 814 ? 447. 7 The IRR of these cash ? ows is 10%. 15. Which of the NPV functions on the following page best describes this project? (2pts) (a) Graph A (b) Graph B (c) Graph C (d) Graph D 16. Given your answer to the previous question, what is the range of discount rates for which you should accept this project? (a) 10% only (b) Greater than 10% (c) Less than 10% (d) Always accept, except at 10% (e) Always reject 6 NPV NPV 10% Discount rate 10% Discount rate Graph A Graph B NPV NPV 10% Discount rate 10% Discount rate Graph C Graph D 7 Answer the next six questions using the following information: Boeing is a very pro? table aeroplane manufacturer. It is considering building a facility to manufacture 747s on 10,000 acres in the Nevada desert. It is not considering any other sites. To encourage Boeing to set up the facility, the local chamber of commerce has bought the land and has o? ered to rent it to Boeing at a rent of zero dollars per year. Assume that this Ã¢â¬Å"giftÃ¢â¬ has no tax implications for Boeing. If Boeing were to try to rent the land in the open market, the rent would be $1,500 per acre per year, payable at the end of each year. Building the factory will cost Boeing $800M (800 million dollars), of which $200M is payable today and $600M will be need to be paid as soon as the factory begins production. It will take one year to build the factory and start production. The IRS says that the $800M cost can be depreciated (straight-line to zero) over the ? rst twenty years in which the factory produces aeroplanes. However, Boeing expects that the demand for the 747 will eventually dry up, and so they plan to scrap the plant after the ? rst ten years of production. They expect the scrap will be sold for $100M. Boeing expects the facility to produce and sell three Boeing 747 aeroplanes a year, with the ? rst batch ready by the end of year 2. Raw materials cost $100M per plane, and labour costs will be $120M a year. Labour costs will be paid at the end of the year in which they are incurred. Raw material will be paid for one year late (i. e. , raw material costs incurred in year 2 will be paid at the end of year 3). Sales will be paid for two years late. Inventory is always 0. The price Boeing will receive for each plane is uncertain. It might be as high as $500M, or as low as $200M. Most likely, the price will be $400M. On average, the price they expect to receive is $350M. BoeingÃ¢â¬â¢s corporate o? ce is located in Chicago. Currently the CEO and his sta? make 120 ? ights a year in the corporate jet. Each ? ight costs $200,000. If the Nevada facility is built, the CEO will have to make ten more ? ghts a year, starting in the ? rst year of production, with the cost per ? ight being the same. The cost of the ? ights is incurred at the end of year in which the ? ights are made. The salary of the CEO will remain ? xed at $12m per year. However, the corporate o? ce has decided to allocate $1m per year of this cost to the Nevada project, should it be built, starting at the end of year 2. This allocation has no tax implications. Boeing has another project which they wanted to start today. This project has a single after-tax cash in? ow of $20 million one year after it is started (and no other in? ws or out? ows). Building the factory in Nevada will occupy executive time, and mean that Boeing will have to delay starting this project until the Nevada factory begins production. Taxes are expected to be 30%. The discount rate is 8%. 8 17. When calculating cash ? ows for NPV, the revenue in the income statement at the end of each year of production will be (a) $600M (b) $1050M (c) $1200M (d) $1500M 18. The expected cash ? ow the ? rm obtains from scrapping the plant after ten years of production is (a) $70M (b) $90M (c) $100M (d) $190M (e) $280M 19. The cost that you will show in the income statement for each year of production will be: (a) $420M (b) $422M (c) $423M (d) $438M 20. What is the working capital at the end of the second year of production? (a) ? $300M (b) $750M (c) $1050M (d) $1800M 21. What is your net cash ? ow two years after the plant has stopped producing, that is, at the end of year 13? (a) $0 (b) $735M (c) $750M (d) $1050M (e) $1800M 9 22. The PV today of the opportunity cost from delaying the other project is: (a) $20M (b) $18. 52M (c) $17. 15M (d) $1. 37M 10 How to cite Principles of Modern Finance Sample Midterm, Essay examples
Question: How did you feel and what did you think prior to the experience? how did you feel and what did you think during the experience? how did you react during the experience? how did you feel and what did you think after the experience? Answer: Description: While during my placement, I used to work in the psychiatric department. I remember one incident where I have to deal with the 70-year-old female patient who had depression. She was on certain anti-depressants for her depression, but she still appeared to be low-esteemed and sad. She appeared to be neglecting herself, and was not interested in anything. She had continuous crying spells. She had no one in her family to look after as she lost her husband and son in an accident. Feelings: As it was the initial phase of my training, I was having mixed feelings at that time and was bit a nervous, as well as, excited at the same time. Before dealing with the patient, I was confident enough that I will handle the case easily. However, when I actually handled the case, I found that it was slightly complex, as the patient was having continuous crying spell and was not interested in talking too much. During her assessment, I kept myself calm and though I was irritated at some points but I did not let my expressions to be visible on my face. After the incidence, I realized that the foremost requirement in dealing with the depressed patient is polite and patient attitude (Gibbs, Brigden and Hellenberg, 2005). Evaluation: The counseling part went well with the patient. She began to discuss things and issues that were bothering her. However, after some time I realized that she was unable to express herself fully, as she used to be silent in between the process. Even my calm and patient nature did not work well in making her completely comfortable to discuss things in detail at certain times. Hence, the experience ended when the practitioner came and tried to access the problem. Analysis: From this experience, I analyzed that building the trust in between the patient is very important. Though my patient and calm attitude made her comfortable to discuss things with me, but she did not trust me completely to discuss things at certain times. To deal with the depressive patient is a challenging task. I also analyzed that she completely discussed all the problems with the practitioner without any suspicion. The difference in the reaction was that the practitioner was able to build that trust in her by creating healthier and trustworthy relationship with her (Tan, 2013). Conclusion: After the counseling, I realized that to deal with a depressive patient there is a requirement of real listening skills and interpersonal skills. I also realized that things could be handled differently too. I would have persuaded the patient that to get the effective result and output she also needs to put input. Moreover, I realized that I actually had contributed very little in the whole process, except for the listening part. I understood that besides listening I need to develop the skill of active monitoring and lateral thinking for better analysis (Gibbs, 2016). Action Plan: From this experience, I learnt that I need to work on my interpersonal skills in dealing with the depressed patients who have little or no interest in the interaction process. I should start handling more and more cases of psychiatric patients to become more skillful and efficient in dealing with them. Moreover, I learned that building a trustworthy relationship between the patient is very important for the better assessment and evaluation of them (Franklin, 2002). References Franklin, S. (2002). A Reflective Essay: Getting Along is Highly Overrated.Policy, Politics, Nursing Practice, 3(2), pp.93-96. Gibbs, A. (2016). The Power of One: Why auto-ethnography, solo service-user voice and reflective case study analysis are useful strategies for researching family-centred social work practice.ANZSWJ, 25(4), p.15. Gibbs, T., Brigden, D. and Hellenberg, D. (2005). Encouraging reflective practice.South African Family Practice, 47(7), pp.5-7. Tan, C. (2013). Reflective thinking for intelligence analysis using a case study.Reflective Practice, 15(2), pp.218-231.
Friday, May 1, 2020
Questions: 1.Refer to the case scenario provided below for Ms Foley who has been diagnosed with acute pulmonary oedema. From the assessment information in the scenario, you are to analyse the information provided and then complete two (2) charts Observation Chart and Fluid Balance Chart (FBC). 2.Explain the inter-professional model of care required for Ms Foley while in hospital. You are to include the most appropriate national nursing regulatory standards linked to Ms Foleys care. A starting point is to read the Registered Nurse Standards for Practice (NMBA 2016). Answers: Introduction and outline This assignment is about a patient named Ms. Martha Foley, a 35 year old lady who is suffering from acute pulmonary oedema and was admitted in the hospital prior to 5 days because of post multi-trauma caused by a car accident. She is also suffering from multiple fractures in both legs and smoke inhalation as being trapped in car for 15 minutes. This paper has been divided into two parts. Part 1 contains the description of Ms. Foley and her history along with the treatment in the hospital and the analysis of the Observation Chart and Fluid Balance Chart. It also contains a brief description of acute pulmonary oedema, its pathophysiology and the implications of nursing assessment of this situation. Part 2 contains the inter-professional model of care required for Ms Foley while in hospital. 1.Clinical assessment Ms. Foley is a full time worker at a supermarket and is a victim of domestic violence from her former partner. She had a good relationship and support from her friends and co-workers. The day of the accident she and her friend Ms. Annie Jones were travelling in the same car. Ms. Jones was also admitted in the same hospital. Ms. Foley was a smoker of 10 cigarettes per day and also intake drugs such as methamphetamines IV and cocaine. But dont drink alcohol and is a vegetarian. She had suffered from left sided heart failure in the past and is treated by cardiomyopathy. Fluid balance chart describes that Ms. Foley is given compound Sodium acetate was given intravenously from 01:00 am to 08:00 am at 200mls per hour and only 100mls is drained out through urine. It has been shown in appendix 1. Observation chart describes about the general physical conditions of Ms. Foley during the time of her admission in the hospital. The following things were measured: Respiratory rate 16-20 breathe/min O2 Saturation 95-97% Air delivery method RA Blood pressure 120/40-150/80 mmHg Pulse rate 70-90 beats /min Temperature 36.6-37.0 ? Consciousness/Sedation 0 Pain score 0-5 Application of pathophysiology Acute pulmonary oedema is a type of disease in which the alveoli gets filled up with fluid and the person is unable to breathe. As the fluid gets accumulated creates misbalance in exchange of gases and leads to dyspnoea and hypoxia. Acute pulmonary oedema (APO) is caused by two main mechanisms. The first mechanism is elevations in pulmonary pressures due to severe increase in intra-cardiac pressure of chambers and second is severe lung injury causing increase in pulmonary vascular permeability (Liesching et al. 2014). Pulmonary oedema caused due to lung injury is termed as acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) while pulmonary oedema which is due to acute elevations in pulmonary micro vascular pressures is termed acute cardiogenic pulmonary oedema (Lavin et al. 2015). The pathophysiology of these two types of oedema is almost different due to which their treatments are also different. This document relates specifically to acute cardiogenic pulmonary oedema (Zeiss 2016). Pathophysiology Acute cardiogenic pulmonary oedema is caused by an intense ischemic occasion bringing about cardiovascular brokenness. Intense diastolic disappointment may likewise be caused from hypertension and atherosclerosis. Less generally the intense sight might be optional to other essential occasions, for example, intense valvular issue or arrhythmia (Elias et al. 2015). The acute cardiac dysfunction that happens from a background marked by myocardial ischemia brings about expanded cardiovascular end diastolic weights which thus result in hoisted pneumonic micro vascular weights and the improvement of intense cardiogenic aspiratory oedema (Vlaar and Juffermans 2013). There is a decrease in cardiovascular yield with ensuing solid enactment of the thoughtful sensory system and the renin-angiotensin framework. This outcomes in lifted blood weights and expanded delayed consequences on the heart starting a gooey cycle of expanded myocardial oxygen request and further lessening in cardiovascular yield (Luks et al. 2014). In the problems of heart failure there are homeostatic systems that prompt liquid maintenance and pneumonic blockage. In APO there might be starting of liquid fill up, however the essential pathophysiology won't be reliant on the benchmark liquid status. It is significant that s number of these patients is hemoconcentrated on introduction because of the gathering of up to 2 litres of liquid in their lungs (Spoletini et al. 2015). They may then show up hemodiluted 24 hours after the fact when they are in the recuperation stage. As it were they give off an impression of being enduring a more prominent plasma volume as of now, which is suggestive that the issue is not fundamentally a liquid over-burden issue. By and large of APO the issue is less liquid abundance; rather it is an instance of liquid in the wrong "compartment", (intra-alveolar, as opposed to intra-vascular) (Duffy et al. 2015). Nursing care plan The nursing care plan depends upon the appearance of the patients respiratory status. To perform the assessment of nursing care for acute pulmonary oedema the nurse must observe the individuals responses (Akoumianaki et al. 2014). To assess the respiratory rate, intensity, and effort, including nasal flaring, and abnormal patterns of breathe. To assess the lungs to locate the areas of decreased ventilation. To monitor the mental status of the patient for beginning of agitation, confusion, and extreme tiredness. To monitor the symptoms of atelectasis: bronchial or tubular sounds of breathing, crackles, reduced chest congestion, and shift of trachea to the affected side. To monitor the alteration in Blood Pressure. To observe the nail beds, skin cyanosis and mucous membranes of mouth. To monitor oxygen saturation continuously, using pulse oximeter. Monitor the effects changes in position during oxygenation (ABGs), venous oxygen saturation and pulse oximetry. To assess the ability of patient to excrete out mucous by coughing. Take note of the quantity, colour, and consistency of the sputum. Evaluate the patients hydration status. Check on Hgb levels. Monitor chest x-ray reports Nursing Interventions The following are the therapeutic nursing interventions foracute pulmonary oedema: A nurse must check the patients position regularly so that she must not fall from bed. The nurse must turn the patient after every 2 hours and monitor the venous oxygen diffusion after turning. If it drops below 10% or fails to return to baseline promptly, turn the patient back into a supine position and evaluate oxygen status. If patient is suffering from obesity then change the patient to Trendelenburg position at 45 degrees which can be tolerated by the patient. If the patient is extremely dyspnoeic, try the patient to lean over a bedside table, if it is tolerable by patient. Maintain the oxygen delivering device as per the instruction, which can maintain oxygen saturation. Avoid increasing the concentration of oxygen to the patients with COPD. Encourage or assist with ambulation as per physicians order. Help the patient to take deep breath and control coughing. To support the patient to inhale deeply, then holding the breath for some seconds, and cough for two to three times by keeping the mouth open. Encourage slow deep breathing using an incentive spirometer as indicated. For postoperative patients, assist with splinting the chest. Oxygen delivering devices The initial management of patients with cardiogenic pulmonary edema (CPE) should address the ABCs of resuscitation, that is, airway, breathing, and circulation. Oxygen should be administered to all patients to keep oxygen saturation at greater than 90%. Any associated arrhythmia or MI should be treated appropriately (Lumb 2016). Methods of oxygen delivery incorporate the utilization of a face covering, non-intrusive pressure support ventilation (which incorporates bi-level positive aviation route weight [BiPAP] and consistent positive airway pressure [CPAP]), and intubation and mechanical ventilation (Stocker et al. 2014). The method that will be utilized relies upon the proximity of hypoxemia and acidosis and on the patient's level of cognizance. For instance, intubation and mechanical ventilation may end up noticeably important in instances of tireless hypoxemia, acidosis, or changed mental status. The utilization of non-intrusive weight bolster ventilation in acidotic patients with serious intense cardiogenic aspiratory oedema does not give off an impression of being related with unfavourable results (early mortality and intubation rates) in these patients (Adam, Osborne and Welch 2017). Pharmacological uses of frusamide Intravenous: Initial dose: Frusamide is given intravenously and the dosage is 20-40 mg (slowly for 1 to 2 minutes) or may increase the dosage by 20 mg later by 2 hours after the previous dose until the desired diuretic effect has been obtained. Use: Treatment of oedema associated with congestive heart failure, cirrhosis of the liver, and renal disease, including the nephrotic syndrome, especially when an agent with greater diuretic potential is desired (Soni et al. 2017). Oral: Initial dose: 20 to 80 mg orally once; may repeat with the same dose or increase by 20 or 40 mg no sooner than 6 to 8 hours after the previous dose until the desired diuretic effect has been obtained. Maintenance dose: Administer the dose that provided the desired diuretic effect once or twice a day. Maximum dose: 600 mg/day in patients with clinically severe oedematous states. Comments: -Oedema may be most efficiently and safely mobilized by giving this drug on 2 to 4 consecutive days each week. -When doses greater than 80 mg/day are given for prolonged periods of time, careful clinical observation and laboratory monitoring are particularly advisable. Use: Treatment of oedema associated with congestive heart failure, cirrhosis of the liver and renal disease, including the nephrotic syndrome, especially when an agent with greater diuretic potential is desired. 2.Inter-professional model of care The Inter-Professional Model of Patient Care (IPMPC) was introduced in 2006 when inter-professional collaboration started as a priority of policy agenda in Canada. This model causes the experts to enhance better care the patients and their families which likewise can manage the extra issues of human medicinal services. The models speak to a pedantic program, a group based affair and a between proficient recreation encounter. The instructional program stresses between proficient group building abilities, information of callings, tolerant focused care, benefit taking in, the effect of culture on medicinal services conveyance and a between proficient clinical segment (Maggiore et al. 2014). Nurses were ready for Ms Foley to attend her while she was lying flat on her bed, trying to sit up, and gasping for air. She is worried, stating she is scared, and that she has a weird feeling that she can only describe as a sense of impending doom. Vital signs taken and are the following: Pulse 120bpm and regular, BP 100/50, RR 34, SaO2 92% on RA. Her lips have started to turn blue and the nail beds on her fingers are cyanotic. She remains dyspnoeic and desperate for air. She is coughing. Risk management The integral part of inter-professional care of nursing is quality improvement. ACHS is a handbook which gives information of management of risks and improvement of quality to assist organisations and to manage the risks at the organisational levels and to ensure that quality of care and services are integrated (Powell et al. 2016). Implication of Inter professional model of care PE teams have found their place in health care. Teams do not replace the physician-patient relationship, but rather enhance itcreating a more comprehensive, efficient, and tailored health care experience (Short et al. 2014). The care convention was created by the IP group amid a CPE workshop and encouraged group gatherings. It was utilized as the guide by medical caretakers or doctors associates who gave mind at the visits. Components of the IP mind convention included visual signs, for example, publications on the exam room dividers that represent the body frameworks affected by diabetes, and an envelope with data, worksheets and apparatuses created by the IP group on parts of connecting with relatives for help, eating regimen, exercise and medical administration. Conclusion Thus through the above discussion it can be concluded that Ms. Martha Foley had an accident and detected by acute pulmonary oedema which is a type of disease in which the lungs is filled up with fluid. At first in this task there had been included clinical assessment tools; pathophysiology and its applications; nursing care plan; nursing interventions; pharmacological uses of frusamide; inter-professional model of care, its risk management and its implications References Adam, S., Osborne, S. and Welch, J. eds., 2017. Critical care nursing: science and practice. Oxford University Press. Akoumianaki, E., Maggiore, S.M., Valenza, F., Bellani, G., Jubran, A., Loring, S.H., Pelosi, P., Talmor, D., Grasso, S., Chiumello, D. and Gurin, C., 2014. The application of esophageal pressure measurement in patients with respiratory failure. American journal of respiratory and critical care medicine, 189(5), pp.520-531. Duffy, M., Jain, S., Harrell, N., Kothari, N. and Reddi, A.S., 2015. Albumin and furosemide combination for management of edema in nephrotic syndrome: a review of clinical studies. Cells, 4(4), pp.622-630. Elias, B., Barginere, M., Berry, P.A. and Selleck, C.S., 2015. Implementation of an electronic health records system within an interprofessional model of care. Journal of interprofessional care, 29(6), pp.551-554. Lavin, M., Harper, E. and Barr, N., 2015. Health information technology, patient safety, and professional nursing care documentation in acute care settings. OJIN: The Online Journal of Issues in Nursing, 20(2). Liesching, T., Nelson, D.L., Cormier, K.L., Sucov, A., Short, K., Warburton, R. and Hill, N.S., 2014. Randomized trial of bilevel versus continuous positive airway pressure for acute pulmonary edema. The Journal of emergency medicine, 46(1), pp.130-140. Luks, A.M., McIntosh, S.E., Grissom, C.K., Auerbach, P.S., Rodway, G.W., Schoene, R.B., Zafren, K. and Hackett, P.H., 2014. Wilderness Medical Society practice guidelines for the prevention and treatment of acute altitude illness: 2014 update. Wilderness environmental medicine, 25(4), pp.S4-S14. Lumb, A.B., 2016. Nunn's Applied Respiratory Physiology eBook. Elsevier Health Sciences. Maggiore, S.M., Idone, F.A., Vaschetto, R., Festa, R., Cataldo, A., Antonicelli, F., Montini, L., De Gaetano, A., Navalesi, P. and Antonelli, M., 2014. Nasal high-flow versus Venturi mask oxygen therapy after extubation. Effects on oxygenation, comfort, and clinical outcome. American journal of respiratory and critical care medicine, 190(3), pp.282-288. Powell, J., Graham, D., OReilly, S. and Punton, G., 2016. Acute pulmonary oedema. Nursing Standard, 30(23), pp.51-60. Short, K.R., Kroeze, E.J.V., Fouchier, R.A. and Kuiken, T., 2014. Pathogenesis of influenza-induced acute respiratory distress syndrome. The Lancet infectious diseases, 14(1), pp.57-69. Soni, L., Ansari, M., Thakre, N., Singh, A., Bhowmick, M. and Rathi, J., 2017. Development and in-vitro evaluation of Furosemide Solid Dispersion using different Water Soluble Carriers. International Journal, 6(2), pp.2571-2575. Spoletini, G., Alotaibi, M., Blasi, F. and Hill, N.S., 2015. Heated humidified high-flow nasal oxygen in adults: mechanisms of action and clinical implications. CHEST Journal, 148(1), pp.253-261. Stocker, R., Lenzlinger, P.M. and Stover, J.F., 2014. Contemporary intensive care treatment for patients with severe multiple trauma. In General Trauma Care and Related Aspects (pp. 95-109). Springer Berlin Heidelberg. Vlaar, A.P. and Juffermans, N.P., 2013. Transfusion-related acute lung injury: a clinical review. The Lancet, 382(9896), pp.984-994. Zeiss, A.M., 2016. Cognitive Behavioral Therapy as an Integral Component of Interprofessional Care. Cognitive and Behavioral Practice, 23(4), pp.441-445